Dental caries, or tooth cavities, are an unfortunate dental problem that affects children and adolescents as well as adults. Tooth decay and cavities are commonly caused by plaque buildup. When plaque comes in contact with sugar and starch, it activates bacteria in plaque, causing it to attack and erode tooth enamel. As the tooth enamel breaks down and wears away, it leaves the tooth susceptible to the formation of cavities.
Tooth Decay And Cavity Symptoms
Each person may experience different tooth cavity symptoms. In the early stages of tooth cavity formation, there may be no symptoms. A dentist however is likely to see signs of early tooth decay and help to prevent the cavity from forming or getting worse.
As the tooth cavity gets larger, common symptoms include:
- Tooth sensitivity
- Pain when eating hot or cold foods and beverages
- Visible holes in teeth
- Inflammation or infection of gums around the tooth
How To Prevent Cavities
Preventing tooth decay starts at home with good oral hygiene habits. Having a good oral hygiene routine in combination with routine dentist appointments is the only way to prevent cavities from forming and progressing. To prevent decay in hard to reach places, regular teeth cleanings by a trained dental hygienist are necessary. You should have your teeth cleaned at least two times a year.
Your daily oral hygiene habits should include brushing your teeth with toothpaste that contains fluoride, a key mineral that prevents cavities from developing. You should also floss in between your teeth and use a mouthwash that also contains fluoride regularly. A healthy and notorious diet that limits sugar is also important.
Treatment For Cavities
Your dentists in Baltimore, MD offer many ways to treat dental cavities. The treatment you will need depends on how severe the decay is. Tooth cavities that are caught in the early stages can be treated with a tooth colored dental filling. This is a conservative treatment that is necessary to preserve the tooth and prevent it from further damage. For larger cavities, your dentist may recommend a porcelain inlay, onlay, or dental crown. This will restore stability to the tooth after the decay has been removed.
If a tooth cavity has been left untreated, it may progress and an infection may develop in the tooth’s root canal. This infection is known for being very painful. Root canal therapy is the only way to remove the decay and save the tooth from extraction. In the most severe cases, we may need to extract the tooth if your dentist feels it is beyond saving.
The best dentistry is always preventive, routine dental care can intercept problems to prevent tooth decay and cavity formation.
Schedule A Dental Exam & Consultation
Cavities don’t just affect children – adult teeth may be affected by tooth decay. Contact our dentists in Baltimore, MD to be screened for cavities and tooth decay and find out what treatment options are available to you. We offer many treatments for a tooth cavity in Owings Mills, MD and the greater Baltimore area. Call us at (410) 697-6290 or request a consultation online.